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中考英语温习精讲精练(六)形容词与副词

本文摘要:中考英语温习精讲精练(六)形容词与副词目的导航形容词用来修饰名词或代词,表现人或事物的性质、状态和特征。形容词是历年各省市中考必考知识点。 从命题意图看,偏重考察考生在详细语言情况中使用形容词的能力。中考试题对形容词的考察涉及形容词原级,比力级和最高级的种种句型、形容词作定语的位置、易混淆的形容词用法辨析等。其中,形容词比力品级句型、形容词修饰不定代词something,anything,everything,nothing时的位置,易混淆的形容词用法辨析等是考察的热点。

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中考英语温习精讲精练(六)形容词与副词目的导航形容词用来修饰名词或代词,表现人或事物的性质、状态和特征。形容词是历年各省市中考必考知识点。

从命题意图看,偏重考察考生在详细语言情况中使用形容词的能力。中考试题对形容词的考察涉及形容词原级,比力级和最高级的种种句型、形容词作定语的位置、易混淆的形容词用法辨析等。其中,形容词比力品级句型、形容词修饰不定代词something,anything,everything,nothing时的位置,易混淆的形容词用法辨析等是考察的热点。副词修饰动词、形容词和副词,说明行动发生的时间、所在、方式以及水平等。

中考试题对副词的考察涉及常用副词的用法、副词品级的种种句型、易混淆的副词用法辨析等。考点突破考点一 形容词、副词使用注意事项 1. 一般情况下,形容词作定语修饰名词时,通常放在名词的前边。可是如果形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词以及somewhere, anywhere, everywhere, nowhere等不定副词时,要放在这些词语之后面。例:Is there anything important in today’s newspaper?今天的报纸上有什么重要新闻吗? There is nothing wrong my watch.我的手表没有什么故障。

They are going to travel somewhere warm.他们准备到某个温暖的地方旅行。2.enough修饰名词的时候一般放在被修饰的名词前面,但修饰形容或副词时,一般放在被修饰形容词或副词的后面。例:We have enough time to finish the work. 我们有足够的时间来完成这项事情。Mr Li got up early enough to catch the early bus.李先生起得足够早 ,从而能遇上早班车。

My brother is tall enough to reach the apple.我哥哥高的能够得着谁人苹果。3.look,get, seem, turn, become, smell, feel, sound, taste等连系动词后面应该跟形容词作表语。例:Kate’s father looks very young in that blue coat.凯特的爸爸穿那件蓝色的上衣显得很年轻。

My mother looked very worried. 我妈妈看上去很焦虑。Mr Wu seems very excited. 吴先生似乎很兴奋。His face turned red because he got very angry. 他因为很生气,所以脸变的很红。

The fish tastes very delicious.鱼偿起来很鲜美。4.-ed形式的形容词和-ing形式的形容词ed形式的形容词意为“感应……的”,往往用来修饰人;-ing形式的形容词意为“令人的……”,往往用来修饰物。这类词有:interesting,interested;exciting,excited;surprising,surprised;relaxing,relaxed;frustrating,frustrated;amazing,amazed等。

例:The book is very interesting,so I am very interested in it.这本书很有趣,所以我对它很感兴趣。Our classmates were very excited when we heard the exciting news.当我们同学们听到这个令人激感人心的消息时,都感应很是激动。

5.“It is +adj+for sb to do sth.”句型和“It is +adj+of sb to do sth.”句型这两个句型中的it为形式主语,取代后面的动词不定式。我们一般用for 或of导出后面动词不定式的逻辑主语,for和of的选择关键取决于前面的形容词,如果该形容词指人的品质特征,一般用of,如kind,nice,friendly,clever,foolish,polite等词; 如果该形容词说明行为行动的品质特征,则用for,如important,difficult,easy,necessary,impossible,hard等词。

请比力。It’s very kind of you to help me with my English.你真好,帮我学英语,。

It’s clever of you to work out the maths problem. 你真智慧,解出了这道数学题。It’s very dangerous for children to cross the busy street.对孩子们来说,穿过忙碌的街道很危险。It’s difficult for us to finish the work. 对我们来说,完成这项事情很难题。

【注意】“It is +adj+of sb to do sth.”句型通常都可转换为不定式作状语的句子,但“It is +adj+for sb to do sth.”句型不行以。例:It’s very nice of you to offer me a seat.= You are nice to offer me a seat. 十分谢谢你给我让座。It is careless of him to lose so many things.= He is careless to lose so many things. 他丢了这么多工具,真是太粗心了。6. hardlyhardly这个词在近几年的中考试题中泛起的频率较高。

使用时我们注意两点:(1) 这个词自己表现否认意义,所以当它泛起在反义疑问句的陈述部门时,疑问部门应该用肯定形式。例:She can hardly understand what he said,can she? 她险些无法明白他所说的话,是吗?There was hardly any water in the bottle,was there?瓶子里险些没有水了,是吗?(2)从词形上看,hardly似乎是在hard后面加ly而组成的,其实hard自己既可以作形容词用,也可以作副词用,hardly自己与hard在意义上没有什么关系。所以我们应该说work hard,而不行说work hardly。考点二 形容词、副词比力级和最高级的组成和用法 (一)形容词、副词比力级和最高级的组成大多数形容词有比力品级的变化,即原级、比力级和最高级,用来表现事物的品级差异。

原级即形容词的原形,比力级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化两种。1 规则变化单音节词和少数双音节词,词尾加-er,-est来组成比力级和最高级。其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more,most来组成比力级和最高级。2 不规则变化(二)形容词、副词比力级和最高级的用法。

表现两小我私家或事物之间,其中一小我私家或物比另外一小我私家或物在某方面体现越发突出,我们用比力级来表现。其基本句型为“A+谓语动词+比力级+than+B”。

例:This classroom is larger than that one.这个课堂比谁人课堂大。Mr Li is more outgoing than Mr Zhang.李先生比张先生开朗。Jim runs faster than Peter .吉姆比彼得跑的快。表现三个或三个以上的人或事物之间,其中其中一小我私家或物比另外一小我私家或物在某方面体现最突出,我们用最高级来表现,形容词的最高级前面一般要加the,而副词的最高级前面可以省略the。

其基本句型为“主语+谓语动词+the+最高级+in/of 短语“。例:Jack is the tallest boy in our school.汤姆是我们学校个子最高的男孩。Mary is the cleverest of the three girls.玛丽是三个女孩中最智慧的。

He writes most carefully in our class.他在我们班书写最认真。考点三 与比力级和最高级相关的重要知识 1. 使用比力级时,应该注意比力的工具要前后保持一致。如:我的电脑比你的电脑贵。

My computer is more expensive than you.(Ⅹ )My computer is more expensive than yours.( √ ) 上海的人口比北京的人口多。The populationg of Shanghai is larger than Beijing. (Ⅹ )The populationg of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing. ( √ ) 【注意】表现人口的多与少,我们不用more或few,而用large或small来表现。

2.形容词、副词的比力级前面可以用much,a little ,even,still a lot ,far等次修饰,表现比力的水平。例:Lesson One is much easier than Lesson Two.第一课比第二课容易得多。Tom looks even younger than before.汤姆甚至比以前更年轻。

This train runs much faster than that one.这辆火车比那辆跑地快。She drives still more carefully than her husband.她开车仍然比她丈夫还认真。【注意】more可以用在多音节形容词或副词前面,组成比力级,可是不行以用来修饰比力级,从而造成重复使用比力级。

例:My sister jumped more farther than me. (Ⅹ )My sister jumped farther than me. ( √ ) 3.比力级+and+比力级表现“越来越…… ”。例:He is getting taller and taller.他变得越来越高了。The flowers are more and more beautiful.花儿越来越漂亮。

4.the+比力级,the+比力级表现“越……,越 ……”。例:The more careful you are,the fewer mistakes you’ll make.你越认真,犯的错误越少。The busier he is ,the happier he feels.他越忙,越以为兴奋。

5.在某些情况下,比力级可以和最高级举行转换。例:Shanghai is the largest city in China.=Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. 上海是中国最大的都会。He is tallest boy in our school.=He is taller than any other boy in our school.他是我们学校个子最高的男孩。【注意】(1) 在最高级转换为比力级的句型中,any other后面一般跟单数名词。

(2) 如果比力的工具不在同一规模,则不需用other。请注意比力:China is bigger than any other country in Africa. (Ⅹ )China is bigger than any country in Africa. ( √ ) 中国比非洲的任何一个国家都大。6.“A+谓语动词+the+比力级+ofthetwo+……”表现“A是两者中较……的”。例:My brother is the taller of the two boys.我弟弟在两个男孩当中个子最高。

考点四 as…as句型表现某人或某物在某一方面和另外一小我私家或物相同,可以使用as…as…句型。对于 as…as…句型的应用,我们应该注意以下三点:1. as…as…句型中间应该用形容词或副词的原级(原形)。

例:This story is as interesting as that one. 这个故事和谁人故事一样有趣。David runs as fast as Jack.大卫和杰克跑的一样快。2. 其否认形式为not as…as…或not so…as…,意为“不如……”。例:His brother isn’t as/so strong as him.他的弟弟没有他强壮。

He doesn’t do his homework as/so carefully as Kate.他做作业不如凯特认真。3.not as …as…可以和比力级举行转换。例:Linda isn’t as tall as Mary.=Mary is taller than Linda. 琳达没有玛丽个子高。

This flower isn’t as beautiful as that one.= This flower is less interesting than that one.=That flower is more interesting than this one.这朵花没有那朵花漂亮。考点四 易混形容词、副词辨析1. alone和lonelyalone和lonely虽然从词形上有些相似,可是意思却差别:alone 是“独自,一小我私家”的意思。lonely 既可以用来修饰人,又可以修饰物,前者是“孤苦的”的意思,后者是“荒芜的”的意思。

试比力:The old man lives alone, so he feels lonely.谁人老人独自生活,所以他感应孤苦。There are lots of animals living on the lonely island.有许多动物生活在荒岛上。

2.too much 和much toomuch too 的中心词是too,通常用来修饰形容词或副词,用来表现水平。而too much的中心词是much,通常用来修饰不行数名词或做及物动词的宾语,用来表现数量。试比力:I don’t want to buy the piano because it’s much too expensive.我不想买谁人钢琴,因为太贵了。The desk is much too heavy ,and he can’t carry it.这张桌子太重了,他搬不动。

Maybe you’re afraid of too much homework.可能你畏惧太多的作业。He drank too much beer last night. 他昨晚啤酒喝太多了。

3.sometime, some time, sometimes 和some timessometime ,some time, sometimes 和some times在形式上有些相近,但意义上却有较大区别:sometime意为“在某一时候”,指一个不太确定的时间;some time意为“一段时间”,指的是时间段;sometimes意为“有时”,是一个频度副词;some times中的times是个可数名词,当“次数”讲,故some times 为“频频”之意。同学们应重点该掌握sometime和some times . 请比力:My father will come to Hefei sometime next month.我爸爸将在下个月的某一天来合肥。(可能是下个月规模内的任意某一天)My father will stay in Hefei for some time. 我爸爸将在合肥住一段时间。(时间段)4.already 和yetalready和yet都是“已经”的意思,它们是现在完成时的时间状语。

already通常用于陈述句,而yet用于否认句和疑问句。试比力:I have already finished writing the book. 我已经写完了这个本。

=﹥I haven’t finished writing the book yet.(否认句)=﹥Have you finished writing the book yet?(一般疑问句)He hasn’t found his lost dictionary yet. 他还没找到他丢失的字典。Has he visited Uncle Wang yet? 他去探望过王叔叔了吗?5. so 和such都是“如此,这样”的意思,它们在用法上有所差别。

so是副词,用来修饰形容词和副词;such是形容词,用来修饰名词。它们的用法我们可以用下面的结构来表现:such +a/an +adj +n(单数可数名词)so + adj + a/an+n (单数可数名词)It is such a beautiful flower!=It is so beautiful a flower!I have never seen such an interesting film .=I have never seen so interesting a film.我从未看过如此有趣的影戏。

【注意】(1) 如果such后面是work, news , information, advice 等不行数名词,则无需加不定冠词a/an.It is such important information. 这是如此重要的信息。It is such bad weather!何等糟糕的天气啊! (2).如果名词前面有many ,much, few, little等词修饰,则只用so,而不用such。如:They made so much noise that our teacher got very angry. 他们太喧华了,使得我们老师大为恼火。

The sweaters are so cheap that so many people want to buy them. 那些毛衣如此自制,以至于许多人都想买。中考真题演练单项选择1. It’s too cold here in winter. People have to wear __________ clothes. (2006•北京)A. warm B. new C. beautiful D. expensive2.Will you please drive______? The train is leaving soon. (2006•福建)A. quick B. faster C. slowly D. more slowly3.一Can you understand me? 一Sorry, I can _____understand what you have said. (2006•福建) A. hardly B. almost C. nearly D. easily4.Shark is getting old and cannot jump as ______ as he did. (2006•杭州)A. high B. higher C. highest D. much higher5.一I feel really before the interview 一Take it easy.Sure you are the best.(2006•河南) A.patient B.serious C.nervous D.cool6.-Now the air in our hometown is even than it was before. -So we must do something to stop it. (2006•黄岗)A. better B. dirty C. more better D. worse7.All of them can take this job ,but I want to know who is_______. (2006•临沂)A. the most careful B. more careful C. careful D. very careful8.The food on the plate smells_______ . You can't eat it. (2006•南通)A. delicious B. badly C. well D. bad9.—Mum,could I have an MP3 like this? —Certainly, we can buy one, but as good as this. The price of this kind is a little high. (2006•滨州)A.a cheap B.a cheaper C.a small D.a smaller10.This year our school is ____ than it was last year. (2006•陕西) A. much more beautiful B. much beautiful C. the most beautiful D. beautiful11.Daniel plays chess __________, if not better than, David. (2006•苏州)A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as12.It's important______the piano well. (2006•天津)A. of him to play B. for him to play C. of him playing D. for him playing13. 一 You look so________. 一 Yes.I’ve got a birthday present.(2006•温州)A.sad B.worried C.tired D.happy14.— Dick, is Nick your twin brother?— Yes, and I’m thirty minutes _______ than him. (2006•浙江)A. fatter B. taller C. heavier D. older15.─ What do you think of his speech ? ─ Oh, wonderful, But he sounded really ____ when he first started speaking. (2006•武汉) A. aloud B. worried C. nervous D. quiet16.Though the famous dancer Tan Lihua is deaf, she dances most of the people. (2006•莱芜)A.as good as B.as well as C.best among D.better than17..Hello,everybody!You are taking the important exam now. Don’t be nervous. It is not as diffcult as you imagine. I am sure you all will succeed. Please answer every question with great care. You know you are, mistakes you’ll make. (2006•兰州)A.the careful, the few B.the more careful,the lessC.careful,few D.the more careful,the fewer18.It’s raining ________, they have to stay at home. (2006•仙桃市、潜江市、江汉油田) A. badly B. loudly C. heavily D. hardly19.-—Which is______, the sun, the moon or the earth?—Of course the sun is. (2006•宁波)A. smaller B. the smallest C. bigger D. the biggest20.–Your tea, please. –There must be ____________ in the tea. It tastes good. (2006•泰州)A. anything sweet B. something sweet C. sweet something D. everything sweet21. –What do you think of the bridge?–I have never seen ________ before. (2006•泰州)A. so a long one B. so long one C. such a long one D. a such long one22.Which do you like _____, apples or oranges? (2006•徐州)A. best B. good C. well D. better23.In some foreign countries, such as Canada, children usually leave their parents when they grow up.It makes the old feel .(2006•盐城) A. alone B. lonely C. frightened D. enjoyable24.–Which is , physics or math?–Physics. And I think it is more useful in our daily life. (2006•湖州)A. more interesting B. interesting C. most interesting D. the most interesting25.–You look today, Julia! –Yeah, I’ve got an MP3.It’s a birthday present from my parents. (2006•舟山) A. sad B. worried C. happy D. tried26.The price of this computer is the ______ of the three. (2006•重庆)A. smallest B. biggest C. highest D. tallest27.Though he has studied at Russian for ten months, he can still speak the language. (2006•潍坊)A.hard,hard B.hardly,hardly C.hard,hardly D.hardly,hard28.They are going to have a picnic next week. (2006•连云港) A. sometime B. some time C. sometimes D. some times29.I think Jack does his homework than his sister. (2006•连云港) A. careful B. more carefully C. carefully D. more careful30.They all looked at the teacher when he told them the good news. (2006•安徽)A.sadly B.happily C.carefully D.angrily31.My father doesn’t like the color of the tie because it is too . (2006•安徽)A.dear B.short C.thin D.dark32._____ you work, _____ knowledge you’ll get. (2006•孝感)A. The harder, more B. The harder, the more C. Harder, the more D. Harder, more33.Don’t worry. She can look after your pet_____. (2006•孝感)A. careful enough B. enough careful C. carefully enough D. enough carefully34.Lily is ______ of the twins. (2007•贵阳)A. thinnest B. the thinnest C. thinner D. the thinner35.Remember,class,______ you work,______ result you’ll get. (2007•兰州)A. The better; the harder B.The harder; the better C. The hard; the better D. The harder ; the good36.Do you hope to go_______? (2007•兰州)A. warm somewhere B anywhere warm C.warm anywhere D.somewhere warm37.Amy makes fewer mistakes than Frank.She does her homework_____(2007•南京)A more carefully B.more carelessly C.more careful D.more careless38.Zhou Feng has learned English for many years,but he can____understand the English speakers. (2007•江西)A.hardly B.certainly C.always D.almost39.–Did you enjoy yourself at the party? –Yes.I’ve never been to ___________ one before. (2007•苏州)A. a more exciting B. the most excitedC. a more excited D. the most exciting40.This maths problem is ________that one.(2007•济南)A. so easy as B. as difficult asC. much difficult than D. less easier than41.—The accident was really terrible. —Yes, it was. The young man on the bicycle was too________.(2007•湖北)A. careless B. careful C. carelessly D. carefully42.The busier he is , the he feels . (2007•天津)A. happily B. happy C. happier D. more happy43.–Mr Smith, would you please speak a little more ______? –Sorry! I thought you could follow me. (2007•安徽)A. quietly B. quickly C. slowly D. politely44.Carl felt ______ because he won the first prize in the school singing competition. (2007•安徽)A. interested B. proud C. angry D. worried45.Many local people in Leshan prefer to go to ________ in Mount Emei for their summer holiday. (2007•乐山)A. somewhere cold B cold somewhereC. somewhere cool D. cool somewhere。


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